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The Effect of Carbon Tax on Per Capita CO2 Emission

时间: 2011-06-23 来源: Energy Policy 作者: 浏览次数: 0

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【英文篇名】

The Effect of Carbon Tax on Per Capita CO2 Emission

【作者中文名】

林伯强,李雪慧

【作者英文名】

 Boqiang Lin, Xuehui Li

【作者单位】

厦门大学中国能源经济研究中心 福建厦门;

【文献出处】

Energy Policy 》39(2011)5137–5146

 

Keywords

Per capita CO2 emissions, Carbon taxtax exemption

 

Abstract

As the mostefficient market-based mitigation instrument, carbon tax is highly recommended by economists and international organizations. Countries like Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Netherlands and Norway were the first adopters of carbon tax and as such, research on the impacts and problems of carbon tax implementation in these countries will provide great practical significance as well as caution for countries that are to levy the tax. Different from the existing studies that adopt the model simulation approaches, in this article, we comprehensively estimate the real mitigation effects of the five north European countries by employing the method of difference-in-difference (DID). The results indicate that carbon tax in Finland imposes a significant and negative impact on the growth of its per capita CO2 emissions. Meanwhile, the effects of carbon tax in Denmark, Sweden, and Netherlands are negative but not significant. The mitigation effects of carbon tax are weakened due to the tax exemption policies on certain energy intensive industries in these countries. Notwithstanding, in Norway, as the rapid growth of energy products drives a substantial increase of CO2 emissions in oil drilling and natural gas exploitation sectors, carbon tax actually has not realized its mitigation effects.

 

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